Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy located in Southeast Asia. Malaysia, which has an area of 329,847 km2, is separated into two regions by the South China Sea, namely West Malaysia on the peninsula of Malaysia, the continent of Asia and East Malaysia on the island of Borneo. In West Malaysia, Malaysia shares land borders with Thailand to its north, while to the west is the Malacca Strait and to the east is the South China Sea. In South West Malaysia is Singapore separated by the Johor strait. In East Malaysia, Malaysia is bordered by Brunei Darussalam in the North, while in the South is Indonesia. East of East Malaysia is the Sulu Sea and the Sulawesi Sea, to the north is the South China Sea. The capital of Malaysia is Kuala Lumpur while Putrajaya is the center of alliance government.
The total population of Malaysia is 31,809,660 people (estimated in July 2018), the majority of which are Muslim (61.3%). The Malay language which basically comes from Malay is the official language of the Malaysian state. Bumiputera (a combination of Malay, Orang Asli, Dayak and Anak Negeri) is the largest ethnic group in Malaysia with 61.7%, while other tribes such as Chinese are 20.8%, the indigenous Sabah / Sarawak (Indigenous) are 11.8% and Indian tribes as much as 6.2%. Malaysia's population growth rate is around 1.4%.
One of Malaysia's main attractions is its extreme contrast. The towering skyscrapers side by side with wooden houses built above the ground, and five-star hotels located just meters from ancient rock. Cool solitude spots can be found in the highlands overlooking warm sandy beaches and dense and moist mangrove forests.
Reference sources :
- Data-data Profil Negara Malaysia ini dikutip dari World Factbook.